The “Medical field” is one of the best, reputed and respected professional fields in India and abroad. When we talk about Medical, an image of an MBBS rises in our mind. It is not so!! There are various courses other than MBBS, in the field of MEDICAL & HEALTH SCIENCES in India. But the question is still there!
What is the best medical course after 12th in science and after 12th in biology?
Are you still waiting for the answer of…………….? What should I do after 12th in medical field?
So listen carefully.
Are you interested in medicines, formulations, diseases, diagnosis, wearing a white coat, serve the human and humanity and medicinal research? Yes? Then go ahead……for MEDICAL.
Medical Line is quite tough as compared to Engineering Field. A Medical Degree has never been easy. MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) is the most popular and designated degree of doctors. These are the two bachelor degrees in one domain as the Bachelor of Medicine and the Bachelor of Surgery. This is the tradition of United Kingdom and many universities in various countries are following this tradition. The MBBS is the only course in India to become a medical doctor.
While in the US, both of the degrees are awarded separately as the M.D (Doctor of Medicine) and D.O (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine). It is the only bachelor degree that makes the students eligible to carry the term “doctor” with their name.
Medical field contains a broad range of academic education other than MBBS. It contains the certificate courses, medical diploma courses, bachelor degree courses, master degree courses and many short time knowledge booster courses for medical professionals.
Various institutions and university from abroad and in India are also offering some of the medical courses by Online. IGNOU is one of the leading universities that provide the education in the medical field by online admission.
The MBBS is an undergraduate degree programme in medical field. It takes the duration of 5.5 years (4.5 years academic education + 1 year mandatory internship) for the completion of programme leading to the two degrees as Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is the course with hands on training with 5.5 years long. The students interact with the patient and get the practical knowledge of diseases.
Through this course, the students are taught all about the human anatomy, human cytology, medicine, chemistry, pharmaceutical, chemistry, drugs formulation & effect and method of surgery.
The National Medical Commission (NMC), India (Earlier - Medical Council of India) is the only accredited body of medical courses.
It is an expanded field of educational study and there are so many courses including medical diploma courses, degree courses, certificate courses and lab technical courses & other medical technical courses.
The skills required to make a career in Medical:
Ability to work with a team
Deep interest in being a helping professional
Patience and Compassion
Constant updating of skills and knowledge
Mental alertness at all times
Eligibility & Admission Procedure
How to get admission into MBBS programme?
To get admission into MBBS programme in India, students have to complete their 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry & Biology and score minimum 50% marks (40% in the case of reserved category).
Student’s age should be between 17 years to 25 years.
The given qualification is not enough to get admission into MBBS course, students have to appear for the National Level Examination conducted by the CBSE, New Delhi, i.e. NEET-UG (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test). Students also apply for AIIMS & JIPMER MBBS Entrance Exam to get admission into MBBS programme.
From the year 2016, the Supreme Court bans the state level or university level examinations for admission into MBBS & BDS courses. Now, all the admission into MBBS course through NEET Exam.
Qualifying Examinations required to get Admissions in UG & PG Courses is as below.
NEET-UG - NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST (UG), is currently conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) earlier was conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), for admission to MBBS/BDS Courses in India in Medical/Dental Colleges run with the approval of Medical Council of India/Dental Council of India under the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India except for the institutions established through an Act of Parliament i.e. AIIMS and JIPMER Puducherry.
NEET-PG - For admission to MD/MS/PG Diploma Courses - Application Form Submission in October - November / Examiniations in January / Result by end of Janauary
NEET-MDS - For admission to MDS Courses - Application Form Submission in October - November / Examiniations in January / Result by end of Janauary
NEET-SS - For admission to Super Speciality Courses like DM/MCh - Application Form Submission in May / Examinations in July / Result after 7-10 days of Examination
DNB-CET - Diplomate of National Board Centralized Entrance Test - For Admission to DNB Post Graduate Courses- Application Form Submission in May / Examinations in June / Results in July
DNB-PDCET - For admission tovarious post diploma DNBcourses.- Conducted twice in a Year (December & June) Application Form Submission in May / Examinations in June / Results in July / Application Form Submission in October - November / Examiniations in January / Result in Janauary
Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (FMGE) - is a licensure examination conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) in India. Screening Test has been introduced through Screening Test, Regulations 2002. As per the regulations, “An Indian citizen/Overseas citizen of India possessing a primary medical qualification awarded by any medical institution outside India who is desirous of getting provisional or permanent registration with Medical Council of India or any State Medical Council on or after 15.03.2002 shall have to qualify a screening test conducted by the prescribed authority for that purpose as per the provisions of section 13 of the Act.” -
If Student holds an under graduate medical qualification from Australia/ Canada/ New Zealand/United Kingdom/United States of America seeking provisional or permanent registration shall not have to qualify the Screening Test and the holder thereof has also been awarded a post graduate medical qualification in Australia/ Canada/ New Zealand/United Kingdom/United States of America and has been recognized for enrolment as medical practitioner in that country.
In order to appear at the FMGE, a candidate must have obtained Eligibility Certificate (EC) from the MCI before taking admission to medical course in a foreign institution.The Screening Test is conducted twice a year in June and December by NBE as a computer based test. It is an exercise in transparency, with a well defined curriculum, which specifies the distribution and weightage of each subject, has no negative marking, and no limit on the number of attempts.
FMGE is divided into two parts of 150 questions each with time allocation of 150 minutes for each part. The exam consists of one paper, comprising 300 multiple choice, single correct response questions in English language only, delivered in two parts to be taken in a single day.
There is a scheduled break between the two parts. An applicant shall be declared as having passed only if he/she obtains a minimum of 150 marks out of 300 in the examination. Application Form Submission in May / Examination is conducted in June and December every year / Result in July.
Courses & Duration
Under Graduate Courses
M. B. B. S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) – 5.5 years
MBBS is the bachelor degree in medical field for cure & diagnose, awarded in many countries.
B. D. S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) – 5 years
BDS is a professional degree programme in dentistry.
B. H. M. S. (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery) – 5.5 years
BHMS is a bachelor degree in Homeopathic Education in India regulated by the National Institute of Homeopathy.
B. A. M. S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) – 5.5 years
BAMS is a bachelor degree in ayurvedic system of medical field. In India, the Ayurvedic Education is regulated by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM).
B.Pharm (Bachelor of Pharmacy) – 4 years
Candidate must have passed 10+2 with at least 50% marks with biology/mathematics as one of the compulsory subjects, or D.Pharm (Diploma in Pharmacy). This degree involves the knowledge of pharmacy.
B.Sc Nursing – 4 years
Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology with a minimum of 45% marks. The motive of B.Sc. Nursing programme is to produce the qualified nurses, as a member of the health care team.
B.P.T (Physiotherapy) – 4.5 years
Candidate must have passed in 12th class or equivalent with a minimum 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology. Physiotherapy helps the temporary disabled people in their rehabilitation.
B.O.T (Occupational Therapy) – 3 years
Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology. Some institutions may opt for an entrance examination. The Occupational Therapy helps the people to enable in their everyday life and treats the emotionally and physically challenged people.
B.U.M.S (Unani Medicine) – 5.5 years
BUMS degree is equivalent to the BAMS, but in Unani medicines. Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology. Urdu is compulsory up to 10th class or equivalent Education. Candidate must have attained minimum 17 years of age at the admission.
D.Pharm (Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine, Pharmacy) – 2 years
It is a medical diploma course in pharmacy of ayurvedic medicines. Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology.
BMLT (Bachelor of Medical Lab Technicians) – 3 years
It is a bachelor degree of medical laboratory technology, contains the entire laboratory practices of the medical system. Candidate must have cleared the 10+2 exam with PCB. Various institutions are offering the B.Sc. programme in medical laboratory technology in India.
DMLT (Diploma of Medical Lab Technicians) – 1 year
It is a medical diploma course of medical laboratory technology, contains the laboratory practices of the medical field. Candidate must have cleared the 10+2 exam with PCB.
M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) – 3 years
This degree is awarded to the doctors who are physicians. The minimum eligibility for this course is MBBS.
M.S. (Master of Surgery) – 3 years
This degree is awarded to the doctors who master course in surgery. The minimum eligibility for this course is MBBS.
D.M (Doctorate in Medicine) – 3 years
DM is a doctorate degree equivalent to the PhD degree awarded by the many universities in the USA. Doctors having M.D degree are eligible for this course.
M. Ch - Magister of Chirurgiae, Master of Surgery - 3 years
MCH Degree is an Advanced Post Graduate Academic Degree awarded for a course or program in the field of Surgery. Doctors who have completed their master’s degree or equivalent are eligible to apply to this course.